Guidelines for implementing collaborative TB and HIV programme activities
Stop TB Partnership: TB/HIV working group
The dramatic spread of the HIV epidemic throughout sub-Saharan Africa in the past decades has been accompanied by up to a fourfold increase in the number of TB cases registered by national TB programmes (NTPs). The incidence of TB is also increasing in other HIV epidemic countries, where populations with HIV infection and TB overlap. Even those few countries with well organised NTPs have an increase in TB cases. This suggests that TB control will not make much headway in HIV prevalent settings unless HIV control is also achieved. TB is a common, treatable HIV-related disease and a leading killer of people living with HIV. As a consequence of all these issues, there is a strong need for close collaboration between HIV/AIDS programmes and TB programmes. This is necessary to implement the World Health Organization-recommended DOTS strategy for TB control and to improve care for people with HIV and TB.