HIV/AIDS

Key facts on global HIV epidemic and progress in 2010

Based on Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response

Epidemic overview

New HIV infections

An estimated 2.7 million people worldwide were newly infected with HIV in 2010.

An estimated 390 000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2010; 30% fewer than the peak of 560 000 annual new infections in children in 2002 and 2003.

Since 2001, annual HIV incidence has fallen in 33 countries, 22 of them in sub-Saharan Africa. However, incidence is accelerating again in Eastern Europe and Central Asia after having slowed in the early 2000s, and new infections are on the rise in the Middle East and North Africa.

AIDS-related deaths

The number of AIDS-related deaths worldwide is steadily decreasing from a peak of 2.2 million in 2005 to an estimated 1.8 million in 2010.

However, between 2001 and 2010, AIDS-related deaths increased more than 11-fold in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (from about 7 800 to 90 000), and more than doubled in East Asia (from 24 000 to 56 000).

In the Middle East and North Africa, AIDS-related mortality also increased by 60% (from 22 000 to 35 000).

HIV prevalence

An estimated 34 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2010.

Share