Abbreviations and acronyms

Abbreviation Definition
3TC lamivudine
ABC abacavir
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ART antiretroviral therapy
ARV antiretroviral (drug)
ATV atazanavir
ATV/r atazanavir/ritonavir
AZT zidovudine (also known as ZDV)
BMI body mass index
CD4 T–lymphocyte cell bearing CD4 receptor
CDC United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CNS central nervous system
d4T stavudine
DALYs death- and disability-adjusted life-years
DBS dried blood spot
ddI didanosine
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DRV darunavir
DRV/r darunavir/ritonavir
EFV efavirenz
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
ETV etravirine
FPV fosamprenavir
FPV/r fosamprenavir/ritonavir
FTC emtricitabine
GNP+ Global Network of People Living with HIV
GRADE Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCV hepatitis C virus
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HPTN HIV Prevention Trials Network
HSV herpes simplex virus
INH isoniazid
IPT isoniazid preventive therapy
IRIS immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
LPV lopinavir
LPV/r lopinavir/ritonavir
MDR multidrug-resistant TB, resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin
MTCT mother-to-child transmission (of HIV)
NFV nelfinavir
NNRTI non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor
NRTI nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor
NVP nevirapine
OST opioid substitution therapy
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PI protease inhibitor
PICO Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes
PCP/PJP Pneumocystis (jirovecii ) pneumonia
PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
PrEP pre-exposure prophylaxis of HIV
RAL raltegravir
RBV ribavirin
RIF rifampicin
RNA ribonucleic acid
RTV ritonavir
sd-NVP single-dose nevirapine
TAM thymidine analogue mutation
TB tuberculosis
TDF tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
TPV tipranavir
UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
WHO World Health Organization