HIV/AIDS

World AIDS Day 2014 - Closing the gap in HIV prevention and treatment services

10 November – As the global efforts to achieve the ambitious HIV targets accelerate, the World Health Organization prepares to issue new recommendations for countries to address important gaps in HIV prevention and treatment services. On December 1, WHO will release a new update to recommend antiretrovirals as an emergency prevention following HIV exposure, and to prevent infections that affect a large number of people living with HIV.

First PROMISE study results confirm WHO recommendations to treat pregnant women and reduce mother-to-child-transmission of HIV

Mother and child
©UNICEF/SouthAfrica/Schermbrucker/2014

17 November 2014 - The United States National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) published interim results of the PROMISE (Promoting Maternal-Infant Survival Everywhere) study. The PROMISE study aims to determine how best to safely reduce the risk of HIV transmission from infected pregnant women to their babies during pregnancy and after delivery and assure the benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the health of the mother. Started in 2010, the study has enrolled more than 3500 HIV-infected pregnant or post-partum women in India, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

WHO consultation on PrEP adherence

15 October - WHO organized a small consultation of key experts on the topic of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence to discuss how to consider and measure PrEP adherence beyond the context of clinical trials. The consultation took place on 8 June 2014 in Miami, USA. The report captures the process of the consultation, key agreements and next action points, and the list of participants.

WHO reminds national programmes to retest all newly diagnosed people with HIV

22 October 2014 - WHO issues an information note to urgently remind the Ministries of Health and National AIDS Control Programmes to retest all persons newly diagnosed as HIV positive at the time of ART initiation to rule out potential misdiagnosis. This follows some recently published literature and unpublished programme data on HIV status misclassification reporting on both false positive and false negative results. These reports have raised concerns that some individuals might be started on antiretroviral therapy inappropriately.

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HIV/AIDS Department
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Email: hiv-aids@who.int