Integrated vector management (IVM) directory of resources


Surveillance and monitoring of indicators and trends

Links to summary information on burden of disease and on related environmental trends. Links also are provided to references describing recent advances in surveillance and monitoring of environmental risk factors relevant to vector-borne disease – advances which may also support more targeted vector control activities

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    De Andrade AL et al. Evaluation of risk factors for house infestation by Triatoma infestans in Brazil. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1995, 53(5):443–447.
    http://www.ajtmh.org/
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    Focks D. A review of entomological sampling methods and indicators for dengue vectors. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (TDR/IDE/DEN/03.1).
    http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2003/TDR_IDE_DEN_03.1.pdf
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    Focks DA, Chadee DD. Pupal survey: an epidemiologically significant surveillance method for Aedes aegypti: an example using data from Trinidad. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1997, 56:159–167.
    http://www.ajtmh.org/
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    Focks D et al. Transmission thresholds for dengue in terms of Aedes aegypti pupae per person with discussion of their utility in source reduction efforts. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2000, 62(1):11–18.
    http://www.ajtmh.org
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    GEO data portal. An online database with interactive data sets based on themes used for the Global Environmental Outlook Report, such as water, climate, and forests. United Nations Environment Programme.
    http://geodata.grid.unep.ch/
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    Global health: today's challenges. In: World health report 2003 – shaping the future. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003 (for information on child mortality from malaria).
    http://whqlibdoc.who.int/whr/2003/9241562439.pdf
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    Hayes JM et al. Risk factors for infection during a severe dengue outbreak in El Salvador in 2000. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2003, 69(6): 629–633.
    http://www.ajtmh.org/
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    Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa (MARA/ARMA). An international collaboration initiated to provide an atlas of malaria for Africa, containing relevant information for rational and targeted implementation of malaria control. Sponsored by a consortium of international organizations including the United Nations Development Programme, Durban, South Africa.
    http://www.mara.org.za/
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    Nam VS. Key container and key premise indices for Ae. aegypti surveillance and control. In: Lloyd LS, ed. Best practices for dengue prevention and control in the Americas. Washington, DC, Environmental Health Project (EHP), United States United States Agency for International Development, 2003:51–56 (EHP Strategic Report, No. 7).
    http://www.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACS031.pdf
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    Shililu J et al. Distribution of anopheline mosquitoes in Eritrea. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2003, 69(3):295–302.
    http://www.ajtmh.org/
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    Shililu J et al. High seasonal variation in entomologic inoculation rates in Eritrea, a semi-arid region of unstable malaria in Africa. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2003, 69(6):607–613.
    http://www.ajtmh.org/
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    Snow RW, et al. The global distribution of clinical episodes of 'Plasmodium falciparum' malaria, Nature, 2005, 434: 214-217.
    http://www.nature.com/nature/links/050310/050310-8.html
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    United Nations environment network. A global portal to authoritative environmental information based on themes and regions. United Nations Environment Programme.
    http://www.unep.net/
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    World health report 2004 – changing history. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (for up-to-date information on morbidity, mortality and burden of disease).
    www.who.int/whr/2004/en/
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