Public financing is central to making progress toward universal health coverage (UHC). By applying a method to separate out external sources of public expenditure on health, a new WHO publication – Towards UHC: thinking public – sheds light on the actual role of domestic public funds in financing health. It provides a powerful call for countries to “think public” as they develop their health financing strategies in support of UHC.
23 October 2017 - Directing public funds towards services which address population health needs and other policy priorities is fundamental for a country's health system to move towards universal health coverage. This newly developed guide provides a process and framework to assist countries in identifying and then addressing critical misalignments between the public financial management system and health financing objectives. Through its application, health and finance authorities can engage in a collaborative and constructive dialogue in support of UHC.
Free health care (FHC) policies – or politiques de gratuité – are about removing formal user fees either fully or partially for selected services and/or selected population groups. However, evidence about the impact of FHC policies in terms of financial protection and health service utilization is mixed. If well designed and implemented, FHC can be a way to expand coverage in countries with few resources and can therefore be part of a strategy and a catalyst to move towards universal health coverage.
This policy brief outlines what community based health insurance is and why it is important to discuss it in relation to universal health coverage. It explores how community based health insurance fits into health financing policy and its key characteristics and effects of CBHI on progress towards UHC. Evidence of community based health insurance based on theory and practice is presented to show their impact on population coverage, utilisation of health services and financial protection.
WHO’s Department of Health Systems Governance and Financing held a global meeting entitled “Strategic purchasing for UHC: unlocking the potential” from 25-27 April 2017 in Geneva.
This report provides key messages and orientations for future work on the following five themes explored during the meeting: 1) Benefit design; 2) Mixed provider payment systems; 3) Pay for Performance and Results Based Financing: From scheme to system; 4) Information management systems; and 5) Governance issues in strategic purchasing. It also summarizes the discussions around 6) a global collaborative agenda and 7) next steps and the way forward.
All documents and publications on the WHO health financing policy website are listed here sorted by document type for easy access. Please choose a category below to access the documents. The list is updated continually.
Year of publication
- Benefit package
- Budget transfers to health coverage schemes
- Community-based health insurance
- Conditional cash transfers
- Domestic revenue generation
- Equity in health financing
- External funding for health
- Financial protection
- Fiscal space
- Free health care policies
- Governance and health financing
- Health financing policy
- Informal sector
- Innovative financing for health
- Performance-based financing
- Purchasing and provider payment systems
- Public financial management
- Public health taxes
- Resource tracking
- Revenue raising
- Social health insurance
- Sustainable financing for UHC
- User fees and co-payments
- Voluntary health insurance