Humanitarian Health Action

Sudan Humanitarian response plan 2016

Armed conflicts, natural disasters, disease, epidemics and chronic underdevelopment have all contributed to the humanitarian crisis in the Sudan. The ongoing violence in Darfur, the Kordofan states, Blue Nile and Abyei has forced people to flee their homes. There are 1.6 million displaced people registered in camps and an additional 600 000 internally displaced people living outside camps. Children represent about 60% of people displaced in camps.

Since 15 December 2013, more than 195 000 South Sudanese have fled the war in South Sudan and sought refuge in the Sudan, with more than 70% estimated to be children. More refugees arrive every day, particularly to White Nile. The areas of Jebel Marra (Darfur), the Nuba Mountains (South Kordofan) and parts of Blue Nile have remained inaccessible to humanitarian actors for years.

The humanitarian needs in Sudan are also exacerbated by environmental factors, which further drive displacement and food insecurity. El Niño brought reduced rainfall in key agricultural areas, reducing yields and the regeneration of pasturelands.

Health Sector Situation

People have difficulty accessing health services which increases their vulnerability to malnutrition and disease. Some 2 million children under 5 years old are suffering from malnutrition, with global acute malnutrition (GAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates above emergency thresholds.

A prolonged measles outbreak in 2015 demonstrated Sudan’s continuing vulnerability to public health emergencies. During 2015, humanitarian health partners in Sudan reached more than 4 million people with health services.

The primary aim of the health sector is to ensure better health for conflict and disaster-affected populations. This can be achieved by providing sustained access to primary care, especially for mothers and children, strengthening the referral system and taking appropriate measures for preparing, detecting and responding to public health risks.

The priority health needs of displaced people are life-saving primary health care, including treatment for injury and trauma care, maternal and child health care, training and expansion of the health workforce, strengthening the health information system and ensuring effective and efficient coordination among health partners.

The health sector will also focus on preparedness activities including maintaining core medicine pipelines in order to respond effectively to natural disasters.

Health Cluster Objectives

Objective 1: Provide primary health care services including referral services for vulnerable populations affected by natural and man-made emergencies

Objective 2: Strengthen the capacities to prepare, detect and respond promptly to public health risks or events at federal, state and local level

Objective 3: Ensure maternal and child health services for the reduction of maternal and child morbidity and mortality among vulnerable populations

Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2016

Health partners will target 3.6 million people in 2016.

Geographical areas targeted by health partners in 2016

Health partners are addressing humanitarian needs throughout South Darfur, North Darfur, South Kordofan, Central Darfur, Blue Nile, West Darfur, East Darfur, North Kordofan, West Kordofan, Kassala, Khartoum, Red Sea, White Nile and Abyei states.

Health Cluster funding requirements for 2016

US$ 60 million (health partners including WHO)

WHO funding requirements for 2016

WHO is appealing for a total of US$ 25 994 000