In response to Typhoon Haiyan, the World Health Organization (WHO) received aid from a number of donors to provide essential and emergency healthcare to the affected populations. Contributions were received from the Governments of Australia, Canada, Japan, Kuwait, Monaco, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom. Funding was also received from the Central Emergency Response Fund of the United Nations and from the Japan Private Kindergarten Association along with staff from the WHO Non-governmental Organization Consortium and members of the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network.
WHO response to health needs of communities affected by typhoon Hayian (Yolanda)
As of 10 January 2014, the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) of the Philippines reported 6 190 deaths, 28 626 injured, and 1 785 missing. An estimated 16 078 181 people have been affected, 4 095 280 displaced, and 101 527 are in 381 evacuation centers. There is a measles outbreakin the National Capital Region, DOH outbreak strategy is in place.
October 2013 -- A powerful earthquake struck central Philippines measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale. The epicentre was in municipality of Sagbayan. As of 3 November 222 people were killed and 976 injured, total 3.2 million people in 60 municipalities were affected. Around 350 000 person were displaced and placed to 392 evacuation centres. Several hospitals were damaged. Most common causes of consultations are acute respiratory infections, fever, skin disease, open wounds and bruises, and hypertension.
Addressing health challenges in the aftermath of Typhoon Pablo
28 December 2012. Typhoon Pablo is one of the most destructive typhoons that hit the Philippines in 2012. The widespread damage to affected areas is considered the most devastating for a region that has never been affected by such extreme disaster in many years. The typhoon also hit a vulnerable population that lives in remote areas affected by armed conflict and civil unrest.
Response to the crisis caused by Typhoon Bopha 2012
Typhoon Bopha (locally referred to as “Pablo”) struck the Philippines in eastern Mindanao on 4 December. The typhoon caused heavy rains and flooding affecting 5 412 140 people in 287 cities and municipalities. As of 11 December, there were 714 deaths, 1906 injuries and 890 missing people, mainly in Compostela Valley province. WHO is supporting health authorities and health partners to coordinate the response to the affected population. An estimated US$ 750 000 is urgently needed for the initial response phase.
7 August – There is extreme flooding in Manila as meteorologists report that over half a month’s rain fell on the city in 24 hours. At least 15 people were killed in and near the city. The flooding has forced 250 000 to flee their homes and one area of the city was hit by a landslide. Bad weather over the past week has resulted in 68 deaths across the country, according to civil defence officials.
15 February 2102 -- A 6.9-magnitude undersea blind thrust earthquake occurred off the coast of Negros Oriental, Philippines, on Monday,
6 February 2012 at 11:49 PST (03:49 UTC), with the epicentre approximately 72 kilometers (44 miles) north of Dumaguete, Negros Oriental.
22 December 2011 - The southern Philippines experienced a devastating tropical storm from 16 to 18 December 2011 affecting Mindanao Region with strong winds, massive flash flood and landslides. As of 22 December, the total population affected by Tropical Storm Washi (Sendong) was 65 067 families (348 749 persons) in 319 barangays (villages) across eight cities and 31 municipalities in 13 provinces of seven regions. Some 10 039 families (44 213 persons) sought refuge in 60 evacuation centres which are mostly located in Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City. The death toll has risen to 976 while 46 persons remain missing.
Typhoon Megi entered the Philippine Area of responsibility on 16 October 2010 at 04:00 local time. The typhoon was located at 190 km East of Tuguegarao,Cagayan with maximum sustained winds of 225 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 260 kph (Category 5). The typhoon is moving west southwest of Luzon at 19 kph. It is expected to make landfall in Isabela before noon of 18 October and projected to exit through Ilocos Sur before midnight.
Complex emergency in Mindanao - August - September 2009
Battered by conflict and flooding, 300 000-400 000 people in the southern island of Mindanao have been displaced and face multiple health risks, including malnutrition, diarrhea, respiratory illness and psychosocial trauma. WHO is requesting US$ 914 176 to ensure the continued provision of health services to displaced people living inside and outside temporary settlements in the conflict-affected regions. The funding would be used to establish a WHO field office in Mindanao, recruit staff and supply medicines.
Two landslide incidents happened on 6 and 7 September 2008 near the site of the Apex Mining Corporation at Maco, Compostela Valley. 279 families (1 216 individuals) were temporarily housed in 5 evacuation centres. Damages to infrastructure include 83 residential houses, 2 Apex Mining bunk houses and one village (barangay) hall. As of 13 September 2008, 24 persons were reported dead, 31 injured and 2 still missing.
The Clusters have been activated and WHO is leading in health together with its national and international partners.
WHO and UNFPA have presented a project proposal to the Resident Coordinator requesting US$ 932 969 from the CERF to provide emergency relief assistance to the victims of the armed conflict. The project seeks to ensure that health centres serving the displaced and affected communities have the necessary emergency medical supplies and that safe water is available.
The typhoon affected around 813 374 families forcing about 30 998 families to stay in evacuation centres. Total casualty count has reached 1 434 with 610 dead and 824 injured. Estimated cost of damages to agriculture and infrastructure has amounted to PHP10 735 947 000.
A series of destructive typhoons hit the Philippines during the last quarter of 2006 causing widespread loss of lives, injuries and extensive damage to property. These were named Cimaron, Xangsane, Durian and Utor (local code names: Paeng, Milenyo, Reming and Seniang, respectively).
The total death toll from these typhoons reached more than 1000 persons and the number of injured were 3163.
Photo gallery: Typhoon Durian - Damage to Hospitals in Albay 30 November 2006 -- Super typhoon Reming (international name: Durian) hit the Bicol Region of the Philippines on November 30, 2006. With winds as high as 230kph, it damaged many health care facilities, including major government hospitals. Two months after the typhoon, many of these damaged hospitals have yet to be fully repaired and rehabilitated.
Southern Leyte Landslides February 2006
Two weeks of sustained rains in the central Philippines have triggered a landslide in the province of Southern Leyte. The landslide hit the village of Guinsaugon in the town of St. Bernard at 10:00am local time on 17 February 2006. The population of the village is 1857 with 321 households. The village was buried by the landslide including a school with an estimated number of 246 students and 7 teachers having classes at that time. As of 24 February, there were 131 deaths reported. Of the 26 survivors admitted to the hospitals, two (2) died from severe injuries. Six evacuation centres were established for those displaced from Guinsaugon and other villages that had to be evacuated because of continuous rains.
WHO has mobilized US$ 20 000 to support the assessment of urgent health needs. Medical kits are on standby and are ready to be shipped should they be needed. The WHO Country Team is in close contact with the Ministry of Health. The WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific and WHO Headquarters are closely following the situation and are ready to backstop the Country Team. An operations room in headquarters has been established.