Humanitarian Health Action

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Humanitarian Response Plan 2016

Decades of upheaval have intensified humanitarian needs and vulnerability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, leaving it with a humanitarian crisis of massive proportions – 7.5 million people are need of humanitarian assistance and protection. Currently 1.6 million people are displaced, about 4.5 million people are food insecure, and nearly half of children under five years old suffer from chronic malnutrition.

In addition, the Democratic Republic of the Congo bears the consequences of political and security dynamics within the Great Lakes Region generally. Population movements within the country and from neighbouring countries aggravate the already high levels of vulnerability of the 250 000 households in the Democratic Republic of the Congo that host displaced people.

The population is set to have a potentially turbulent 2016. The national situation politically and in terms of security developments could see resurgence of intercommunal tensions in different parts of the country.

An influx of refugees, and asylum seekers is expected, particularly in the north and east of the country. This exacerbates problems such as persistent insecurity; epidemic cycles of cholera, measles, malaria and haemorrhagic fevers; and destructive natural events including floods.

Health Sector Situation

According to studies and assessments, 80% of internally displaced persons and/ or refugees have limited access to health care.

In this protracted crises, there are recurrent outbreaks of measles, cholera, and malaria. By end of 2015, there were over 50 000 cases of measles with about 560 deaths (primarily in children), and 21 584 cases of cholera with 329 deaths (CFR: 1.5%).

In 2016, the Health Cluster strategy aims to: (i) reduce the vulnerability of affected populations and (ii) enhance the resilience of affected populations; (iii) monitor diseases of epidemic potential and (iv) prevent and respond to epidemics. This multisectoral approach will have a particular emphasis on consultation and coordination.

Internally displaced people, returnees and refugees will require particular attention.

Health Cluster Objectives

Objective 1: Provide access to basic health care for vulnerable displaced populations, returnees and host communities.

Objective 2: Coverage of health needs of victims of fundamental rights violations.

Objective 3: Reducing the impact of epidemics and other humanitarian consequences and mortality through Integrated Management of people affected and at risk.

Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2016

Health partners are targeting 6 million people in 2016. These include:

  • 3.9 million people at risk of cholera
  • 670 000 people at risk of measles
  • 40 000 people at risk of viral haemorrhagic fever
  • 80 000 people at risk of medical complications related to malnutrition
  • 1.1 million people without basic health care
  • 200 000 refugees and returnees

Health Cluster funding requirements for 2016

US$ 50 000 000 (health partners including WHO)

WHO funding requirements for 2016

WHO is requesting a total of US$ 15 000 000