Adaptation resources for health partners
Finance resources for health and climate change
At the UN Climate Conference in Cancun (December 2010), developed countries committed to “fast start” new and additional funding of 30 billion US dollars over 2010-2012 with a balanced allocation between adaptation and mitigation. Parties committed to jointly mobilize USD 100 billion per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries. It was also agreed that funding for adaptation will be prioritized for the most vulnerable developing countries, such as the least developed countries, small island States and Africa.
The establishment of a Green Climate Fund was also decided at Cancun, to be designated as an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the Convention to support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties using thematic funding windows. The World Bank will serve as the interim trustee of the Green Climate Fund, subject to a review three years after operationalization of the fund.
Discussions are ongoing within UNFCCC, World Bank, Parties and different stakeholders on how to identify the resources, how to programme them and how to operationalize the Green Climate Fund. National and local health sector actors are eligible for or should advocate to receive climate adaptation funding which invests in critical and core public health services which are essential to prepare health systems to be resilient to the impacts of climate change.
WHO has developed an "Essential Package" for climate change and health adaptation. The package includes a list of Adaptation actions which WHO considers essential for investment including:
- Comprehensive assessments of the risks posed by climate variability and change on population health and health systems.
- Integrated environment and health surveillance; and development of early warning and alert systems.
- Delivery of preventive and curative interventions for the effective management of identified climate-sensitive public health concerns.
- Preparedness for, and response to, the public health consequences of extreme weather events, including population displacement.
- Research on the relationships between climate and health, and local adaptation effectiveness, and cost-benefits of multi-sectoral policies which affect health.
- Strengthening of human and institutional capacities and inter-sectoral coordination, which can improve health system capacity and facilitate adaptive management.
Examples and Resources