Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Premature NCD deaths

Situation and trends

In low- and middle income countries, about 29% of deaths occured before the age of 60 in 2008, and about 48% are estimated to have occurred under the age of 70, compared with 26% in high income countries. Worldwide, approximately 44% of all noncommunicable disease deaths occurred before the age of 70.

The figure below shows the proportion of total noncommunicable disease deaths under age 70 in 2008 by their cause. Cardiovascular diseases were responsible for the largest proportion of noncommunicable disease deaths under age 70 (39%), followed by cancers (27%), chronic respiratory diseases, digestive diseases and other non communicable diseases were together responsible for approximately 30% of noncommunicable disease deaths, and diabetes was responsible for 4%.

As the populations age, total noncommunicable diseases deaths are projected to rise to 52 million in 2030. Whereas annual infectious disease deaths are projected to decline by around 7 million over the next twenty years, annual cardiovascular disease deaths are projected to increase by 6 million, and annual cancer deaths by 4 million. In low- and middle-income countries, noncommunicable diseases will be responsible for three times as many disability adjusted life years (DALYs) (a measure of the potential life lost due to premature mortality and the years of productive life lost due to disability) and nearly five times as many deaths as communicable diseases by 2030.

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