Deaths from CVD and diabetes
Cardiovascular diseases were the leading cause of NCD deaths in 2008 (17 million deaths). They were also responsible for the largest proportion of noncommunicable disease deaths under age 70 (39%).
Diabetes caused 1.3 million deaths in 2008, and the global prevalence of diabetes was estimated to be 9%. Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glycaemia are risk categories for future development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In some age groups, people with diabetes have a twofold increase in the risk of stroke. Diabetes is the leading cause of renal failure in many populations in both developed and developing countries. Lower limb amputations are at least 10 times more common in people with diabetes than in non-diabetic individuals in developed countries; more than half of all non-traumatic lower limb amputations are due to diabetes. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness in developed countries. People with diabetes require at least 2-3 times the health care resources compared to people who do not have diabetes, and diabetes care may account for up to 15% of national healthcare budgets.