World health organization

10 facts on HIV/AIDS

Antiretroviral (ART) drugs in plastic boxes

Combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) prevents HIV from multiplying in the body

If the reproduction of HIV stops, then the body's immune cells are able to live longer and provide the body with protection from infections. Effective ART results in a reduction in viral load, the amount of virus in the body, greatly reducing the risk of transmitting the virus sexual partners. If the HIV positive partner in a couple is on effective ART, the likelihood of sexual transmission to the HIV-negative partner can be reduced by as much as 96%. Expanding coverage of HIV treatment contributes to HIV prevention efforts.

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