World health organization

10 facts on HIV/AIDS

Taking a condom from a machine

There are several ways to prevent HIV transmission

Key ways to prevent HIV transmission:

  • practice safe sexual behaviours such as using condoms;
  • get tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV to prevent onward transmission;
  • avoid injecting drugs, or if you do, always use sterile needles and syringes;
  • ensure that any blood or blood products that you might need are tested for HIV;
  • access voluntary medical male circumcision if you live in one of the 14 countries where this intervention is promoted;
  • if you have HIV start antiretroviral therapy as soon as possible for your own health and to prevent HIV transmission to your sexual or drug using partner or to your infant (if you are pregnant or breastfeeding);
  • use pre-exposure prophylaxis prior to engaging in high risk behaviour;demand post-exposure prophylaxis if there is the risk that you have been exposed to HIV infection in both occupational and non-occupational settings;
© WHO. All rights reserved.