World health organization

10 facts on HIV/AIDS

A sex worker stands by a truck cab, Ukraine

HIV can be transmitted in several ways

HIV can be transmitted through:

  • unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal) or oral sex with an infected person;
  • transfusions of contaminated blood or blood products ortransplantation of contaminated tissue;
  • the sharing of contaminated injecting equipment and solutions (needles, syringes) or tattooing equipment;
  • through the use of contaminated surgical equipment and other sharp instruments;
  • the transmission between a mother and her baby during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.
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