In accordance with its Article 43, the Protocol was open for signature by all Parties to the WHO FCTC from 10 January 2013 until 9 January 2014. When it was closed for signature, the Protocol had been signed by 53 States and the European Union.
The Protocol is subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by States and to formal confirmation or accession by regional economic integration organizations that are Party to the WHO FCTC (Article 44).
To become a Party to the Protocol, Parties to the WHO FCTC that have signed the Protocol need to deposit an instrument of ratification (or acceptance or approval) with the Secretary-General of the United Nations at United Nations Headquarters in New York, the Depositary for the Protocol.
Parties to the WHO FCTC that have not signed the Protocol need to deposit an instrument of accession in order to become a Party.
The Protocol will enter into force on the 90th day following the date of deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation or accession with the Depositary (Article 45). Should the 40th instrument be deposited by 20 July 2014, the first session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol, the governing body of the Protocol, would be held immediately after the sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (Moscow, Russian Federation, 13-18 October 2014).
Model instruments of ratification/acceptance/approval and accession are available for download:
Contact: Parties to the WHO FCTC that wish to ratify, accept, approve, formally confirm or accede to the Protocol are invited to contact the Treaty Section of the United Nations Secretariat in New York (facsimile: +1-212-963-3693).
Questions: Parties to the WHO FCTC are invited to contact the Convention Secretariat with questions about the process of ratification, entry into force and the upcoming Meeting of the Parties (email: email@example.com)