The WHO FCTC calls for a multisectoral approach to its implementation. It also emphasizes the development dimension of tobacco control and the special needs of vulnerable groups such as young girls, women and adolescents, by acknowledging the role of existing United Nations conventions that safeguard the rights of women and children and of human rights instruments in general.
In Articles 23 and 25 of the WHO FCTC, attention is called to the role of cooperation with competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations, including financial and development institutions, in order to realize their potential in supporting treaty implementation. Article 24.3(e) of the Convention mandates the Convention Secretariat to ensure, under the guidance of the Conference of the Parties (COP), that the necessary coordination with competent international and regional intergovernmental organizations and other bodies takes place.
At its first session in 2006, the COP took note of the important role of the United Nations Ad Hoc Interagency Task Force on Tobacco Control (IATF) and its potential for implementation assistance. It also requested the Convention Secretariat to promote South–South cooperation in the exchange of scientific, technical and legal expertise, as relevant to the implementation of the Convention. The consequent sessions of the COP further emphasized the importance of international cooperation, including the role of IATF and South-South cooperation, and requested the Convention Secretariat to actively engage with appropriate institutions and networks in this regard.
There is growing recognition of international cooperation as an effective tool for implementation assistance. This is evident from the progress being made in increasing the engagement of the members of the IATF and development partners and donors who are contributing to implementation assistance.