Environmental health in emergencies

Technological incidents

Chemical and radionuclear incidents

Technological incident: fire and black smoke

Technological (non-natural) incidents include accidents at hazardous installations (e.g. accidental release or explosions at chemical or nuclear power plants), and accidents while hazardous substances are in transport (e.g. oil tankers or chemicals transported by trains, tankers or lorries).

Rapid industrialization and new technologies have produced new hazards. Technological disasters often result in an unexpected and uncontrolled release of hazardous materials that have the potential to cause health problems. The severity and frequency of this type of disaster has increased. With the proliferation of nuclear power and chemical plants, disasters on the scale of Chernobyl or Bhopal cannot be ruled out.

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