Nigeria crisis

WHO and partners provide vaccines to control meningitis C in Nigeria

13 April 2017 – A vaccination campaign is under way in Nigeria to contain an outbreak of meningitis C. Meningitis infects the lining surrounding the brain and spinal cord and can cause severe brain damage. Meningitis is fatal in 50% of cases if untreated. WHO and partners supported shipments of 1.3M doses of meningitis C vaccines and 20,000 antibiotics.

Nigeria concludes vaccination campaign with neighbouring Niger, Cameroon and Benin

30 March 2017 – Simultaneous vaccination campaigns have been completed in several countries in an effort to stop polio transmission in Nigeria and ensure non-resurgence of the virus in polio-free countries. In August 2016, the Nigeria government confirmed a polio outbreak with 4 children paralyzed in Borno state, northeastern Nigeria. Polio had not been detected anywhere on the African continent for close to two years before the outbreak.

Health centres in Nigeria treat severely malnourished children

17 March 2017 – An estimated 400 000 children in northeast Nigeria are currently suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Two-year-old Umar is slowly regaining his health after receiving care and medicine from a WHO supported stabilization centre.

A team provides health care services in an

WHO response in north-eastern Nigeria

March 2017 – There is a high prevalence of severe malnourishment, morbidity and mortality. Lack of basic shelter, water, latrines and shower facilities increase the risks of communicable diseases, including cholera. WHO supports lifesaving activities to alleviate suffering for the most vulnerable populations. Find out more on how WHO's operations help meet the health needs in north-eastern Nigeria.

WHO/P Ajello

Borno State Reports First Lassa Fever Outbreak in 48 Years

3 March 2017 - Borno state in northeast Nigeria has recorded its first Lassa fever outbreak in almost five decades. The last confirmed outbreak of the deadly disease was in 1969. WHO is supporting the government to contain the outbreak in an area of the country which is already coping with a humanitarian crisis resulting from years of conflict.

A health worker examines a young boy, sitting on a young girl's lap in Nigeria

10 things you should know about the crisis in north-eastern Nigeria

23 February 2017 - The humanitarian crisis in north-eastern Nigeria has intensified after eight years of violent conflict. The crisis has evolved over the years leading to widespread displacement and devastation as well as acute food and nutrition insecurity and a desperate shortage of essential health care. North-eastern Nigeria is at the heart of the larger Lake Chad Basin crisis (north-eastern Nigeria, northern Cameroon, western Chad and south-east Niger), which affects some 17 million people.

WHO/A. Clement-Hunts

fact buffet

People in need

3.7 millionPeople in need of health assistance

Situation report

Polio vaccination

1.8 millionChildren vaccinated against polio in Borno State

Polio in Nigeria

Measles vaccination

4.8 millionChildren to be vaccinated in a mass measles vaccination campaign

Millions of children to receive measles vaccine

Health workforce

WHO has trained 24 teams of health workers to provide essential health care to around 1 million people in high risk, hard-to-reach areas in north-eastern Nigeria.

Health worker providing care to people in a remote village, Borno State, Nigeria, 2016.



WHO has sent 10 Interagency Diarrhoeal Disease Kits (IDDKs) and 10 full Interagency Emergency Health Kits (IEHK) and 30 severe acute malnutrition (SAM) kits to support the Borno State Government’s response.

A team of workers unloads emergency medical supplies at a State Ministry of Health warehouse in Maiduguri, Borno State (Nigeria), 2016.

Distribution of supplies

Health kits


Measles vaccination campaigns, supported by WHO, have started in IDP camps in north-eastern Nigeria. The aim is to reach more than 75 000 children in 18 camps.

Young child receiving oral vaccination, Borno State, Nigeria, 2016.





Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.


Malaria is caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female mosquitoes.

Children waiting at a hospital in Ibanda, Uganda


Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, which affects mostly children. It is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of infected persons.