Nutritional care for adults with active tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease related to poverty, undernutrition and poor immune function. Most infected people never develop symptoms, however 5–10% develop active tuberculosis, where the infection is no longer contained by the immune system and a range of symptoms occur.
People with active tuberculosis are often malnourished and suffer from micronutrient deficiencies as well as weight loss and decreased appetite. Malnutrition increases the risk of progression from TB infection to active TB disease. Food insecurity, HIV and poor general nutritional status of the population are important contributors to the global burden of TB disease.
TB treatment and care should contain integrated nutritional assessment counselling and support for the duration of the illness.
Other guidance documents
Rapid advice: treatment of tuberculosis in children
Scoping meeting for the development of guidelines on nutritional/food support to prevent TB and improve health status among TB patients
A guide to monitoring and evaluation for collaborative TB/HIV activities