e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA)

Multiple micronutrient powders for home fortification of foods consumed by pregnant women

Deficiencies of micronutrients such as vitamin A, iron, iodine and folate are particularly common among pregnant women and are associated with adverse health outcomes for both the mother and developing fetus.

Home fortification with micronutrient powders is a new strategy to provide micronutrients in a powder form. The micronutrient powders single-dose packets of dry powder containing vitamin and minerals that are sprinkled onto ready to eat foods consumed in the home or at any other place. Although there are some ongoing trials, as there is currently no available evidence to directly assess the potential benefits or harms of the use of multiple micronutrient powders in pregnant women, WHO does not recommend the routine use of multiple micronutrient powders as an alternative to iron and folic acid supplements during pregnancy.

WHO documents

GRC-approved guidelines


Systematic reviews used to develop guidelines
Clinical trials

Last update:

25 March 2014 13:26 CET

Category 1 intervention

Guidelines have been recently approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee