e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA)

Multiple micronutrient powders for home fortification of foods consumed by children 6–23 months of age

After six months of age, when children start receiving semi-solid foods, intake of several vitamins and minerals can be insufficient to meet a child’s requirements, thus increasing their risk of developing anaemia and other micronutrient deficiencies.

Micronutrient powders are single-dose packets of vitamins and minerals in powder form that can be sprinkled onto any ready to eat semi-solid food consumed at home, school or any other point of use. The powders are used to increase the micronutrient content of a child's diet without changing their usual dietary habits.

WHO recommendations

In settings where the prevalence of anaemia in children under 2 years or under 5 years of age is 20% or higher, home fortification of foods with multiple micronutrient powders is recommended to improve iron status and reduce anaemia among infants and children 6–23 months of age.


Additional information, including a suggested scheme for supplementation, can be found in the guidance summary, and in the guideline under 'WHO documents' below.

WHO documents

GRC-approved guidelines


Systematic reviews used to develop the guidelines
Related systematic reviews
Clinical trials

Last update:

27 April 2016 06:07 CEST

Category 1 intervention

Guidelines have been recently approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee

Essential Nutrition Actions

This intervention is an Essential Nutrition Action targeting the first 1000 days of life.