e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA)

Multiple micronutrient powders for home fortification of foods consumed by children 6–23 months of age

After six months of age, when children start receiving semi-solid foods, intake of several vitamins and minerals can be insufficient to meet an infant's requirements, thus increasing their risk of developing anaemia and other micronutrient deficiencies.

Micronutrient powders are single-dose packets of iron and other vitamins and minerals in powder form that can be sprinkled onto any ready to eat semi-solid food consumed at home or at any other point of use. The powders are used to increase the micronutrient content in the infant's diet without changing their usual dietary habits.

WHO recommends the use of multiple micronutrient powders containing at least iron, vitamin A and zinc for home fortification of foods as an option to improve iron status and reduce anaemia in infants and children 6–23 months of age.

WHO documents

GRC-approved guidelines


Systematic reviews used to develop the guidelines
Clinical trials

Last update:

25 March 2014 13:27 CET

Category 1 intervention

Guidelines have been recently approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee