Dracunculiasis

South Sudan

Status for the period January–February 2016

South Sudan has reported zero cases for three consecutive months (from December 2015 to February 2016).

During January–February 2016, 659 rumours and suspected cases were reported, of which 100% of rumours were investigated within 24 hours.

Since 2014, a nationwide cash reward has been offered for the voluntary reporting of dracunculiasis cases. Any individual presenting with the disease who meets all of the criteria for containment is now rewarded with 500 South Sudanese pounds (SSP) [about US$ 168]. The informant is given 100 SSP [US$ 34]. People are requested to report to the nearest health facility.

Summary for 2015

In 2015, a total of 5 new cases were reported from five villages in five counties, a 93% reduction compared with the 70 cases reported from 37 villages in four counties in 2014.

Of the 5 cases, 2 were reported to have been contained. Cases reported in South Sudan accounted for 23% of the global cases in 2015.

The cases were distributed as follows:

  • Eastern Equatoria State
    • Kapoeta East County (1 case)
  • Lakes State
    • Awerial County (1 case)
    • Yirol West County (1 case)
  • Warrab
    • Tonj East (1 case)
  • Western Bhargazal
    • Jur River (1 case)

A total of 10 060 rumours or suspected cases were reported during 2015, of which 98% were investigated within 24 hours and 3 were confirmed as dracunculiasis cases.

During 2015, 64% of non-endemic counties provided reports for 9 out of 12 months, even if zero cases were reported.

Most guinea-worm transmission occurs during the period June–September.

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Last update:

29 April 2016 16:28 CEST