Status for the period January–August 2015
For the first time ever, South Sudan has reported zero cases for 7 consecutive months (from November 2014 to May 2015).
Four cases were reported in 2015 (1 case in June, 2 cases in July, and 1 case in August) compared with 62 cases reported from January to August 2014; this represents a 94% reduction in the number of cases reported between 2014 and 2015.
During January–July 2015, more than 2900 rumours were reported and investigated.
Since 2014, a nationwide cash reward has been offered for the voluntary reporting of dracunculiasis cases. Any individual presenting with the disease who meets all of the criteria for containment is now rewarded with 500 South Sudanese pounds (SSP) [about US$ 168]. The informant is given 100 SSP [US$ 34]. People are requested to report to the nearest health facility.
Summary for 2014
During 2014, a total of 70 new cases were reported from 37 villages in 4 counties, a 38% reduction compared with the 113 cases reported from 79 villages in 10 counties in 2013.
Of the 70 cases, 47 were reported to have been contained. Cases reported in South Sudan accounted for 62% of the global cases in 2014. Kapoeta East county in Eastern Equatoria State accounted for 81% of all cases reported in South Sudan.
The distribution of cases by State and county is as follows:
- Eastern Equatoria State
- Kapoeta East County (57 cases)
- Kapoeta South County (1 case)
- Lakes State
- Awerial County (11 cases)
- Wulu County (1 case)
A total of 7639 rumours were reported during 2014, of which 99.7% were investigated within 24 hours and 1 was confirmed as a dracunculiasis case.
During 2014, 100% of endemic counties and 72% of non-endemic counties provided reports for 9 out of 12 months, even if zero cases were reported.
Most guinea-worm transmission occurs during the period March–October.