Status for the period January–April 2014
A total of 2 new cases were reported for the month of April 2014, making a cumulative total of 5 cases reported from 5 villages in 2014. During the same period in 2013, 31 cases were reported from 25 villages in South Sudan. The cases in 2014 were reported from Kapoeta East County in Eastern Equatoria State. All the cases were contained.
During January–March 2014, 18 rumours were reported and investigated within 24 hours.
Any individual presenting with the disease who meets all the criteria for containment is now rewarded with 500 South Sudanese pounds (SSP) [about US$ 168]. The informer is given 100 SSP [US$ 34]. Please report to the nearest health facility.
Summary for 2013
During 2013, a total of 113 new cases were reported from 79 villages in 10 counties, a 78% reduction compared with the 521 cases reported from 255 villages in 9 counties in 2012.
Of the 113 cases, 76 were reported to have been contained. Cases reported in South Sudan accounted for 76% of the global cases in 2013. Kapoeta East county in Eastern Equatoria State accounted for 68% of cases reported in South Sudan.
The distribution of cases by State and county is as follows:
- Eastern Equatoria state
- Kapoeta East County (77 cases)
- Kapoeta North County (5 cases)
- Kapoeta South County (3 cases)
- Jonglei State
- Nyirol County (1 case)
- Pibor County (12 cases)
- Urol Country (1 case)
- Lakes State
- Awerial County (9 cases)
- Northern Bahr el Ghazal State
- Aweil West County (1 case)
- Warrap State
- Gogrial East County (3 cases)
- Tonj East County (1 case)
Of the 578 rumours reported during 2013, 564 cases (97%) were investigated within 24 hours; 3 were confirmed as dracunculiasis.
During 2013, 100% of endemic counties and 94% of non-endemic counties reported 9/12 months, even zero cases were reported.
Most guinea-worm transmission occurs during the period March–August.