Dracunculiasis eradication

Dracunculiasis: 11 confirmed human cases reported from 3 out of 4 remaining endemic countries

©WHO. WHO staff delivering supplies to Juba Teaching Hospital
in response to the conflict in Juba, August 2016

22 August 2016 | Geneva −− The number of confirmed human cases of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) rises to 11 with 5 cases reported from Chad – the highest number so far from a single country endemic for the disease. Chad has also seen a significant increase in the number of dogs infected with the worm.
In South Sudan, surveillance activities have continued in almost all endemic villages despite safety concerns by the country’s Guinea-Worm Eradication Programme although the recent escalation of the conflict there remains a major concern.

Dracunculiasis eradication: WHO ready to verify Kenya and Sudan

© Choice Humanitarian

14 June 2016 | Geneva −− Kenya and Sudan have announced they will formally request WHO to verify interruption of transmission of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) in September and November 2016, respectively.

Both former endemic countries have reported zero cases during the past 3 years and are currently in the precertification phase.

WHO is the only organization mandated to certify countries as free of guinea-worm disease.

Dracunculiasis eradication: eternal vigilance is the price of liberty


13 May 2016 | Geneva −− As human cases of dracunculiasis plummet, the International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) is considering the introduction of a global cash reward to speed up the certification of all countries. This includes those with no previous history of the disease.
During its 11th meeting, the ICCDE also considered the outcome of a scientific meeting convened by WHO to discuss D. medinensis infection in dogs.

Commission applauds historic decline in human cases of guinea-worm disease

WHO team during surveillance mission in a village, South Sudan.

30 March 2016 | Geneva −− The International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis Eradication (ICCDE) has acknowledged the unprecedented decline in the number of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) cases as a ‘major public health achievement’.
In 2015, only 22 human cases, representing a remarkable 83% reduction, were reported to WHO, compared with 126 in 2014.
The Commission fully supported focused research aimed at resolving infections occurring in animals, particularly among dogs.

Dracunculiasis surveillance programmes respond strongly to rumours, while cases plummet

© A. Dimalucci

15 February 2016 | Geneva −− In 1986, an estimated 3.5 million cases were reported to WHO. In 1989, 15 out of endemic 20 countries1 reported 892 955 cases (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Togo, Uganda and Yemen).
Through the combined effort of affected countries’ National Guinea worm Eradication Programmes and different stakeholders including the The Carter Center, UNICEF World Health Organization and supported by many donors, the number of cases and affected countries reduced dramatically in 2015.

Member States certified dracunculiasis free. See Certification


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