1 January – 30 March 2017
Chad reported 3 human cases during the reporting period in 2017 compared with 1 case in the same period in 2016.
Of the 563 rumours that were reported and investigated, 95.4% were investigated within 24 hours.
A total of 140 infected dogs were reported during the same period, of which 102 were said to have met the containment criteria.
Since 2009, a nationwide cash reward of CFA 50 000 [about US$ 100] has been offered for the voluntary reporting of dracunculiasis cases. People are requested to report to the nearest health facility.
Summary for 2016
Chad reported a cumulative total of 16 human cases from 12 villages in 2016.
- Massenya district
- Bele (quartier Gole) village (1 case)
- Bailli district
- Ngara (quartier Mani) (1 case)
- Aboudeia district
- Al-Ardep village (3 cases)
- Am Timaan district
- Goz-djamir （1 case）
- Haraze district
- Kombol village (2 cases)
- Ndimti village (1 case)
- Bessao district
- Madoc village (1 case)
Moyen Chari region
- Danamadji district
- Dankolo (quartier Myabolo) (2 cases)
- Sarh District
- Mama village (1 case)
- Sarh (quartier Kassai) village (1 case)
- Waitain village (1 case)
- Lai district
- Lai(quartier Tagbian) (1 case)
A total of 1011 dogs were reported with D. medinensis infection, of which 665 (66%) were contained.
Since 2012, an unusually large number of dogs infected with the parasite has been reported along the Chari River in the same areas where human cases are being reported.
The parasites found in dogs are genetically indistinguishable from those emerging from humans. Operational research is under way to find appropriate ways to interrupt transmission of infections in both humans and animals.
A total of 3087 rumours were reported, of which 94% were investigated within 24 hours.