Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

Population sodium reduction strategies

Overview

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in the world. High blood pressure is the leading risk for mortality globally. Importantly, at any given age, the risk of dying from high blood pressure in low and middle-income countries is more than double that in high-income countries.

The WHO Member States in WHA 66.10 have agreed on a voluntary global NCD target for a 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt, with the aim of achieving a target of less than 5 grams per day (approximately 2g sodium) by 2025. They have also agreed on a voluntary global NCD target for a 25% relative reduction in the prevalence of raised blood pressure (defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg) by 2025.

WHO is developing tools to assist Member States in the identification of population salt consumption and major sources of sodium in the diet; in reformulation of a set number of products available on the market; in developing health communication material to assist consumers increase awareness on salt/sodium and to inform consumers on how to read and interpret food labels.

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