In vitro diagnostics and laboratory technology

Guidance and training

HIV Testing

Manual for procurement of diagnostics and related laboratory items and equipment

This guidance document provides information on procurement processes specific to HIV diagnostics, and related laboratory items and equipment. This document is intended for procurement officers, programme managers, end-users of diagnostics including laboratory and non-laboratory operators, and staff in UN agencies and NGOs who are responsible for procurement and product selection.

HIV Rapid Test Training Package

In response to expanding access to HIV rapid testing, WHO and CDC have developed a training package to provide the knowledge and skills necessary to establish policies and to perform testing in a manner that assures reporting of reliable and accurate test results. The CDC/WHO HIV Rapid Test Training Package is competency-based, comprehensive and adaptable to support country specific polices and testing algorithms.

Guidelines for Assuring the Accuracy and Reliability of HIV Rapid Testing

This document aims to establish guidelines for applying quality systems which are essential to HIV rapid testing. It is intended for persons involved in policy development, planning and implementation of HIV rapid testing such as government health officials, those responsible for HIV/AIDS programmes and for managing voluntary testing and counselling sites. It also provides information useful for testing personnel, with or without laboratory training.

Guidelines for Appropriate Evaluations of HIV Testing Technologies in Africa

This document is intended to provide those involved with planning or conducting any aspect of test evaluations with practical guidance for developing country-specific protocols for evaluating HIV EIA and simple/rapid test methods. Specific guidance is given on the rationale and justification for evaluating new tests, issues to consider when planning an evaluation and projected timelines for an evaluation. Detailed descriptions of phases of the evaluation quality assurance, evaluation materials e.g., specimens and laboratory safety precautions are also presented.

Directives pour l’évaluation des techniques de dépistage du VIH en Afrique

Le présent document cherche à donner à ceux qui participent, d'une manière quelconque, à la planification ou à la réalisation d'évaluations de tests diagnostiques des conseils pratiques concernant la mise au point de protocoles de pays destinés à évaluer des méthodes baseés sur des tests immuno-enyzmatiques (TIE) et des tests simples/rapides.

Des indications précises sont fournies concernant la justification d'une évaluation de nouveaux tests, les aspects à prendre en compte lors de la planification d'une évaluation, et les délais prévus. On trouvera aussi les informations suivantes: les phases du processus d'assurance de la qualité, le matériel nécessaire et les règles de sécurité à respecter au laboratoire.

The importance of simple/rapid assays in HIV testing

The Weekly Epidemiological Record Issue No. 42 outlines the WHO/UNAIDS recommendations for the use of simple/rapid tests. In English and French (Importance des tests simple/rapides pour la recherche du VIH).

Revised recommendations for selection and use of HIV tests

This issue of the Weekly Epidemiological Record (No. 12) describes the UNAIDS and WHO recommendations for HIV testing strategies. In English and French (Programme commun des Nations Unies-OMS et ONUSIDA sur le VIH/SIDA).

CD4+ T-Cell Enumeration Technologies

This document provides technical information on CD4+ T cell counting techniques.