Global Alert and Response (GAR)

Meningococcal disease in India - update 3

30 May 2005

As of 26th May, 2005, the cumulative total of the number of cases is at 368 with 37 deaths (CFR=10.1%). 248 cases have been discharged from hospital. The age distribution of cases show about 6% under age five, 32% between the ages of 5-14 years, 44% between 15-29 years, 10% between the ages of 30-44 and 6% aged 45 and older. The highest numbers of deaths 62% was in the 15-29 age groups. The sex distribution of cases shows about 74% are males and 26% females. The geographic distribution of cases reported in Delhi shows the highest numbers of cases in the zones of City, Shahdara North, Sadar Paharganj, Shahdara South, Civil Lines and Central.

Contact tracing of all clinical suspect cases is being done and 305 households have been administered chemoprophylaxis. For cases residing outside Delhi, the concerned district authorities have been informed. All hospitals of Delhi Govt. and the Central Govt. have administered approximately 12,000 vaccinations of quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine to identified high risk groups (including health care workers).

Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) samples have been received for testing at the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD), Delhi, 35 samples have tested positive so far for serogroup A.