Emergencies preparedness, response

Meningococcal disease in Chad

24 March 2005

From 1 January -16 March 2005, the Ministry of Health has reported 387 cases including 53 deaths (case fatality rate, 13%) in Chad. Two districts have reached the epidemic threshold: Bongor (124 cases and 6 deaths) and Moissal (64 cases and 16 deaths). Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A has been confirmed in 9 out of 16 samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

The Ministry of Health began a mass vaccination campaign on 11 March 2005 in the affected districts. The International Coordinating Group (ICG) on Vaccine Provision for Epidemic Meningitis Control will be providing an additional 200,000 doses of bivalent vaccine. Médecins sans Frontières-Luxembourg is supporting the Ministry of Health in implementing the mass vaccination campaign and WHO is providing technical assistance for enhanced surveillance.