Meningococcal disease in Burkina Faso
4 February 2003
Disease Outbreak Reported
During 1-26 January 2003, the Ministry of Health of Burkina Faso has reported 980 cases and 196 deaths (case-fatality rate, 20%) in the country. On 26 January 2003, 4 districts, Batie, Kossodo, Manga and Tenkodogo, were in the alert phase, although none had crossed the epidemic threshold.
- For more details about the epidemic threshold principle, see the article, "Detecting meningococcal meningitis epidemics in highly-endemic African countries" in the Weekly Epidemiological Record.
Of a total of 28 specimens collected in 3 districts (Nanoro, Paul VI, Pissy), the National Public Health Laboratory has confirmed Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W135 in 10 samples, Streptococcus pneumoniae in 8 and Haemophilus influenzae type b in 4.
The Ministry of Health is implementing control measures to contain the outbreak, including the pre-positioning of laboratory materials and oily chloramphenicol at district level, enhanced epidemiological surveillance, training of health personnel and social mobilization in communities.