Emergencies preparedness, response

2002 - Cholera in Burundi

19 July 2002

Disease Outbreak Reported

As of 15 July, the Ministry of Health has reported a total of 217 cases including 2 deaths since the outbreak began on 17 June 2002, with the majority of cases in Bujumbura Rurale, particularly affecting Rushubi, Nyambuye, Gihosha, Gikungu. The main cause of the outbreak has been an inadequate supply of safe drinking water and use of polluted local water sources.

The Ministry of Health has established a technical committee to contain the outbreak.  The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), is working with the Ministry of Health and nongovenrmental organizations to coordinate the response. A treatment centre has been established by Médecins sans Frontières in Gihosa, water purification tablets have been distributed and a plan for the long-term decontamination of the Nyakabugu River has been developed.