Emergencies preparedness, response

2002 - Meningococcal disease in Burkina Faso - Update 2

21 March 2002

Disease Outbreak Reported

As of   20 March, WHO has reported 3 579 cases including 544 deaths (case-fatality rate, 15%) in the entire country. Twelve out of 15 districts have reach the epidemic threshold and 13 districts are on alert for reaching the threshold. Vaccination campaigns were carried out in 2001 and recently in 2002 (see previous report) .

Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W135 has been laboratory confirmed in cases from 5 districts by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Meningococci, Oslo, Norway.

A Crisis Committee has been set up by the  Ministry of Health, Burkina Faso.  A WHO team is working with the Committee to consider the most appropriate strategy to control the outbreak, given the presence of the W135 strain.   Measures include epidemiological surveillance, collection and testing of samples, social mobilization, training and coordination.