Emergencies preparedness, response

2001 - Cholera in West Africa - Update

26 September 2001

Disease Outbreak Reported

Ministries of Health in Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire have reported updates to WHO.  Please note that the increase in the total number of cases from the last report of 17 September does not necessarily indicate that the increase occurred during this period.  Rather, it is the result of late reporting of data.

Burkina Faso:  314 cases including 6 deaths, with a case-fatality rate of 1.9% have been reported between 14 July and 16 September 2001 in the district of Ourgaye, in the region of Tenkodogo, in the southern part of the country near the border with Togo.  Laboratory tests have confirmed Vibrio cholerae. The Ministry of Health is taking preventive measures.

Cõte d'Ivoire: As of 21 September, 3152 cases, including 175 deaths have been reported between May and September in the entire country.  2012 cases, including 51 deaths have been reported in Abidjan. The Ministry of Health, assisted by Médecins sans Frontières and Epicentre (France) are carrying out treatment and implementing measures to control the outbreak.

New report:
: 155 cases, including 12 deaths have been reported from 6 August to 23 September in N'zerekore region in the south-eastern part of the country, bordering Côte d'Ivoire in the east and Liberia in the south. The Ministry of Health, assisted by WHO and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is working to improve the supply of safe water and carrying out health education and preventive measures.