Emergencies preparedness, response

2001 - Cholera in West Africa

17 September 2001

Disease Outbreak Reported

WHO has received reports of cholera outbreaks in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire and Niger.  These outbreaks follow the cholera outbreaks which began in April 2001 in nearby countries: Ghana, Togo and Benin.

Burkina Faso:  55 cases including 3 deaths have been reported between 14 July and 4 September 2001 in the district of Ourgaye, in the region of Tenkodogo, in the southern part of the country near the border with Togo.   Laboratory tests have confirmed Vibrio cholerae. The Ministry of Health is taking preventive measures.

Cõte d'Ivoire: As of 12 August, 897 cases, including 47 deaths have been reported in Abidjan. The Ministry of Health, assisted by Médecins sans Frontières has established special health care facilities to receive patients and carry out treatment.

Niger: 13 cases including 3 deaths have been reported between 27 August and 2 September 2001 in Fillingué district, in the region of Tillaberi, in the south-western part of the country.   Laboratory tests have confirmed Vibrio cholerae.  An investigation by the Ministry of Health is underway in the district to assess control measures taken so far.