Emergencies preparedness, response

2001 - Meningococcal disease in the African Meningitis Belt - Update 4

27 March 2001

Disease Outbreak Reported

See previous reports: 19 March; 8 March; 28 February; 20 February

Burkina Faso: As of  25 March, WHO has reported a total of 4350 cases, including 719 deaths between 1 January-18 March 2001. WHO is providing additional vaccine through the mechanism of the International Coordinating Group (ICG) on Vaccine Provision for Epidemic Meningitis Control in order for the vaccination campaign to continue in the most affected areas. 

Chad: As of 21 March, WHO has reported a total of 3064 cases including 337 deaths from 25 December-18 March 2001.  Médecins sans Frontières (MSF Belgium) is providing additional vaccine, implementing  mass vaccinations in the préfectures of Moyen Chari,  Mayo Kebb, Logone Oriental and Logone Occidental and strengthening case management.

Niger: As of 23 March, WHO has reported 1795 cases including 137 deaths from 2 January-28 February 2001.  The most affected districts are Gaya, Dosso, Madoua and the peripheral areas of the Communauté Urbaine de Niamey. Vaccination campaigns are in progress in these areas.