Emergencies preparedness, response

2000 - Meningococcal disease in Sudan

07 April 2000

Disease Outbreak Reported

A  total of 2 549 cases of meningococcal disease, of which 186 were fatal, was reported to the national health authorities between 1 January and 31 March 2000. Bahar aj Jabal State has been most affected to date, with 1 437 cases (including 99 deaths) reported in the Juba city area. Other States affected include White Nile (197 cases,15 deaths), South Kordofan and Sennar (where incidence was lower).

The national task force in Khartoum has coordinated and led epidemic response activities. A total of 70 000 people were vaccinated in early March and there is a contingency stock of vaccines and injection material for around 200 000 more on standby in Juba. The task force also considered how to improve the decentralization of case management and surveillance as tools for epidemic management, and was concerned by the shortage of stock of autodestruct injection material at national level. In the districts of Akobo and Wanding, response by Federal and State health authorities is being supported by Médecins sans frontières (MSF) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.