Emergencies preparedness, response

2000 - Meningococcal disease in Ethiopia

17 March 2000

Disease Outbreak Reported

An outbreak of meningococcal meningitis has been reported affecting two neighbouring districts of Ethiopia: Kobo District of Amhara Region and Alamata District of the Tigray Region.

Between 30 January and 12 March 2000  81 cases and 3 deaths were reported from Kobo District and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examinations of 21 specimens yielded Neisseria meningitidis. The number of cases peaked between 14 and 20 February and is reported to have declined to low levels by 12 March. During a vaccination campaign running from the 14 to 27 February, 36 344 people were vaccinated.

Between 7 February and 9 March 2000 48 cases and 6 deaths were reported from the Alamata District.  In this district, 35 132 people have received vaccination.