Global Alert and Response (GAR)

Ebola virus disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe, often fatal illness, with a case fatality rate of up to 90%. It is one of the world’s most virulent diseases.The infection is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected animals or people. Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care. During an outbreak, those at higher risk of infection are health workers, family members and others in close contact with sick people and deceased patients. Ebola outbreaks can devastate families and communities, but the infection can be controlled through the use of recommended protective measures in clinics and hospitals, at community gatherings, or at home.

Ebola: What you need to know

The risk of Ebola transmission is low. Becoming infected requires direct, physical contact with the bodily fluids (vomit, faeces, urine, blood, semen, etc.) of people who have been infected with or died from Ebola virus disease (EVD). To protect yourself, your family, and your community from EVD transmission, immediately report to the nearest health facility if you develop symptoms indicative of EVD, including high fever, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, or haemorrhaging. Isolation and professional clinical treatment increase a person’s chance of survival.

Highlights

fact buffet

H2HIn the 2014 Ebola outbreak, nearly all of the cases of EVD are a result of human-to-human transmission.

Frequently asked questions

2 to 21 days The incubation period from time of infection to symptoms is 2 to 21 days.

Travel advice

47% surviveIn this Ebola outbreak, the survival rate has been higher than previous outbreaks.

Fact sheet on Ebola virus disease

TECHNICAL INFORMATION


WHO IN ACTION


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COUNTRY INFORMATION