Global Alert and Response (GAR)

Ebola response roadmap

WHO has issued a roadmap to guide and coordinate the international response to the outbreak of the Ebola virus disease in west Africa. The roadmap aims to stop ongoing Ebola transmission worldwide within 6-9 months while rapidly managing the consequences of any further international spread. It also recognises the need to address, in parallel, the outbreak’s broader socioeconomic impact.

Ebola: What you need to know

The risk of Ebola transmission is low. Becoming infected requires direct, physical contact with the bodily fluids (vomit, faeces, urine, blood, semen, etc.) of people who have been infected with or died from Ebola virus disease (EVD). To protect yourself, your family, and your community from EVD transmission, immediately report to the nearest health facility if you develop symptoms indicative of EVD, including high fever, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, or haemorrhaging. Isolation and professional clinical treatment increase a person’s chance of survival.

Ebola virus disease

Ebola virus disease is a severe, often fatal illness and one of the world's most virulent diseases. The infection is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected animals or people. During an outbreak, people at higher risk of infection are health workers, family members and others in close contact with sick people and anyone who has died from Ebola. People who are ill with the disease need to receive expert care in appropriate facilities. Ebola outbreaks can devastate families and communities, but the infection can be controlled through the use of recommended protective measures. WHO is coordinating a global response to the latest outbreaks in Africa.

Highlights

fact buffet

H2HIn the 2014 Ebola outbreak, nearly all of the cases of EVD are a result of human-to-human transmission.

Frequently asked questions

2 to 21 days The incubation period from time of infection to symptoms is 2 to 21 days.

Travel guidance for health authorities and the transport sector

47% surviveIn this Ebola outbreak, the survival rate has been higher than previous outbreaks.

Fact sheet on Ebola virus disease

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

Highlighted publications


WHO IN ACTION


EBOLA TREATMENT AND INTERVENTIONS


COUNTRY INFORMATION