April 2016 -- In 2015, more than 1 million people in 7 high-risk countries received the oral cholera vaccine, thanks to campaigns run by WHO and partners. This extraordinary measure was taken to contain several cholera outbreaks from spreading further in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Iraq, Malawi, Nepal, South Sudan and Tanzania.
January 2016 -- The global supply of oral cholera vaccines (OCV) is set to double after WHO approved a third producer, helping to address global shortages and expand access in more countries. In 2013 the WHO created the world’s first OCV stockpile. Since then a total of 4 million doses to 11 countries have been used in humanitarian crises, outbreaks, and in endemic hotspots.
October 2015 -- WHO is responding to multiple cholera outbreaks that could flare-up and threaten the health of more people if control measures are not intensified. More than 10 700 cholera cases and 170 deaths have been reported in five countries in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean and African Regions as of 21 October 2015. WHO urgently requires more than US$ 5 million to ramp up its response to stem the tide of the cholera outbreaks ahead of the rainy season.
What is cholera?
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It has a short incubation period, from less than one day to five days, and produces an enterotoxin that causes a copious, painless, watery diarrhoea that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not promptly given. Vomiting also occurs in most patients.
31 March 2016
Revised cholera kit
The revised cholera kits are designed to help prepare for a potential cholera outbreak and to support the first month of the initial response.
2 October 2015
6 July 2015
WHO: Cholera risks high across world, but deadly disease can be controlled