11 April 2016 -- In 2015, more than 1 million people in 7 high-risk countries received the oral cholera vaccine, thanks to campaigns run by WHO and partners. This extraordinary measure was taken to contain several cholera outbreaks from spreading further in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Iraq, Malawi, Nepal, South Sudan and Tanzania.
The composition of the cholera kits has been reviewed by WHO and its partners. The contents of all modules have been updated and reorganised to be better adapted for field use in different settings.
The revised cholera kits are designed to help prepare for a potential cholera outbreak and to support the first month of the initial response. The overall package consists of six different kits, each divided in several modules. The kits and modules can each be ordered separately.
8 January 2016 -- The global supply of oral cholera vaccines (OCV) is set to double after WHO approved a third producer, helping to address global shortages and expand access in more countries. In 2013 the WHO created the world’s first OCV stockpile. Since then a total of 4 million doses to 11 countries have been used in humanitarian crises, outbreaks, and in endemic hotspots.
The 2011 WHA 64.15 resolution “Cholera mechanisms for control and prevention” requested the WHO Director-General to revitalize the Global Task Force for Cholera Control (GTFCC) and to strengthen WHO’s work in this area, including improved collaboration and coordination among relevant WHO departments and other relevant stakeholders.
A revitalization process has been initiated in December 2012 and completed in early 2014. Terms of Reference have been agreed and are accessible below.
- Cholera is transmitted through contaminated water or food.
- Cholera can rapidly lead to severe dehydration and death if left untreated.
- Prevention and preparedness of cholera require a coordinated multidisciplinary approach.
Statistics on cholera
Cholera in Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO and partners support local authorities
South Sudan: WHO and Ministry of Health expand cholera response to minimize future risk
WHO and partners protect more than 1 million people from cholera
Revised cholera kits
Cholera vaccine supply set to double, easing global shortage
WHO ramps up response to cholera outbreak in two regions