CHOosing Interventions that are Cost Effective (WHO-CHOICE)

Price multiplier for different coverage levels

The figures listed below represent the percent mark-up of traded goods due to transportation costs.

For example, in AFRO D at a population coverage level of 80%, the mark-up is 1.455, or 45.5% above the international price for tradable goods.

For details on methods used see:

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    Johns B, Baltussen R, Hutubessy R (2003).
    Programme costs in the economic evaluation of health interventions


Price multiplier for different coverage levels*
Region Name Base CIF/FOB Ratio** 50% Coverage 80% Coverage 95% Coverage 100% Coverage
AFRO D 1.44 1.451 1.455 1.459 1.463
AFRO E 1.43 1.445 1.45 1.455 1.46
AMRO A 1.18 1.19 1.196 1.2 1.213
AMRO B 1.27 1.277 1.277 1.28 1.284
AMRO D 1.35 1.354 1.36 1.365 1.371
EMRO B 1.29 1.291 1.293 1.298 1.307
EMRO D 1.37 1.38 1.386 1.169 1.173
EURO A 1.16 1.165 1.168 1.169 1.173
EURO B 1.22 1.224 1.226 1.228 1.23
EURO C 1.24 1.251 1.252 1.261 1.271
SEARO B 1.34 1.346 1.351 1.357 1.359
SEARO D 1.25 1.25 1.253 1.255 1.257
WPRO A 1.16 1.169 1.172 1.173 1.182
WPRO B 1.3 1.301 1.303 1.305 1.307

* indicating the costs of transportation of traded good to final destination.
** CIF: Cost, Insurance and Freight - A trade term requiring the seller to arrange for the carriage of goods by sea to a port of destination, and provide the buyer with the documents necessary to obtain the goods from the carrier
FOB: Free on Board - A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods on board a vessel designated by the buyer. The seller fulfills his obligations to deliver when the goods have passed over the ship's rail

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