Cost effectiveness and strategic planning (WHO-CHOICE)

WHO-CHOICE methods

WHO-CHOICE reports the costs and effects of a wide range of health interventions in the 14 demographic sub-regions of WHO (world divisions made based on geographical location and demographic profiles). The results of these cost-effectiveness analyses are assembled in sub-regional databases.


  • Uses a standardized method for cost effectiveness analysis that can be applied to all interventions in different settings

  • Costs and effectiveness of a wide range of health interventions at the WHO subregional level are available to download

  • Sectoral analyses which compare interventions for a large range of diseases can contribute to discussions around Universal Health Care packages

  • Tools required to assess intervention costs and impacts at the population level are available for use at country level for contextualization activities

  • The CHOICE team is available to assist policy makers and other stakeholders to interpret and use the evidence


WHO-CHOICE uses a generic disease model known as PopMod to simulate disease experience in a population. PopMod is used to evaluate health adjusted life years gained for each intervention evaluated in WHO-CHOICE, ensuring comparability of results. PopMod is available for use by other researchers or policy makers. To access the PopMod software please email

WHO-CHOICE evaluates interventions at a WHO sub-regional level. Groupings of countries in each of the WHO sub-regions can be found here:


  • Health Systems Financing
    Cost-effectiveness analysis and its implementation via CHOICE is part of health systems financing.