27 March 2013 -- The theme for this year's World Health Day, 7 April, is hypertension. Also known as high or raised blood pressure, hypertension increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure. Uncontrolled hypertension can also cause blindness, irregularities of the heartbeat and heart failure.
However, high blood pressure is preventable and treatable. Early detection is key: all adults should know their blood pressure.
17.3 millionAn estimated 17.3 million people died from CVDs in 2008.Fact sheet on CVDs
80%Over 80% of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries.Health topic on CVDs
23.3 million By 2030 more than 23 million people will die annually from CVDs.10 facts on noncommunicable diseases
Key messages to protect heart health
- Tobacco use, an unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
- Engaging in physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day of the week will help to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
- Eating at least five servings of fruit and vegetables a day, and limiting your salt intake to less than one teaspoon a day, also helps to prevent heart attacks and strokes.