Quiz: How much do you know about diabetes?
1 Obesity increases the risk of getting diabetes.
Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of noncommunicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes. The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes rises steeply with increasing obesity.
2 Risk of getting diabetes is higher if a parent has it.
Children of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes face a higher risk of developing the disease compared to the general population.
3 People with type 1 diabetes can live without insulin.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use it. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin on their own, and must take injections of insulin to survive.
4 Diabetes can cause kidney failure and blindness.
Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure, while retinopathy due to diabetes is a major cause of blindness. Diabetes is also a risk factor for heart attacks, strokes and lower limb amputations.
5 Regular physical activity has no impact on preventing diabetes or its complications.
Regular, moderate-intensity physical activity can help in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, which comprises 90% of cases, is largely caused by excess body weight and physical inactivity.