Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes and their risk factors among Bangladeshi adults: a nationwide survey

Shamima Akter, M Mizanur Rahman, Sarah Krull Abe & Papia Sultana

Volume 92, Number 3, March 2014, 204-213A

Table 2. Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in individuals aged 35 years or more, by characteristic, Bangladesh, 2011

Characteristic Diabetes prevalence, % (95% CI)

Prediabetes prevalence, % (95% CI)
Unadjusted Age-adjusted Unadjusted Age-adjusted
Individual
Sex
  Male 9.4 (8.3–10.5) 9.3 (8.2–10.4) 22.6 (20.6–24.6) 22.4 (20.4–24.4)
  Female 10.3 (9.2–11.4) 10.4 (9.3–11.5) 22.4 (20.5–24.4) 22.5 (20.6–24.5)
Educational level
  No education 7.4 (6.3–8.4) 7.0 (6.1–8.0) 22.6 (20.6–24.9) 22.3 (20.2–24.5)
  Primary education 9.9 (8.4–11.3) 10.1 (8.6–11.6) 23.2 (20.7–25.8) 23.3 (20.7–25.8)
  Secondary education 12.1 (10.1–14.1) 12.8 (10.7–15.0) 21.9 (19.1–24.9) 22.2 (19.3–25.2)
  Higher education 20.6 (17.3–23.9) 21.9 (18.4–25.5) 20.5 (16.6–25.0) 21.2 (16.9–25.4)
Currently working
  Yes 11.1 (9.9–12.3) 10.9 (9.8–12.1) 22.2 (20.3–24.4) 22.5 (20.4–24.5)
  No 8.5 (7.5–9.6) 8.7 (7.6–9.7) 22.7 (20.7–24.8) 22.5 (20.4–24.5)
Marital status
  Currently married 9.6 (8.7–10.5) 9.7 (8.8–10.6) 22.3 (20.6–24.1) 22.5 (20.7–24.3)
  Divorced, widowed or other 11.4 (9.2–13.5) 10.7 (8.6–12.7) 23.4 (20.6–26.6) 22.3 (19.2–25.3)
Hypertension
  Yes 8.0 (7.1–8.8) 8.0 (7.2–8.9) 24.0 (22.1–25.9) 17.6 (15.4–19.8)
  No 15.4 (13.4–17.5) 15.1 (13.1–17.0) 18.2 (16.0–20.5) 24.2 (22.3–26.1)
Body weight
  Normal 8.8 (8.0–9.6) 8.8 (8.0–9.7) 22.3 (20.6–24.1) 22.3 (20.5–24.0)
  Overweight or obese 23.5 (19.1–27.8) 22.8 (18.7–27.0) 25.2 (21.5–29.4) 25.2 (21.2–29.1)
Household
Socioeconomic status
  Poorest 6.4 (4.8–8.0) 6.4 (4.8–8.0) 23.6 (20.2–27.3) 23.5 (20.0–27.1)
  Poorer 6.3 (4.7–7.9) 6.3 (4.7–7.8) 23.8 (20.7–27.3) 23.8 (20.5–27.2)
  Middle 6.3 (5.0–7.6) 6.3 (5.0–7.6) 24.5 (21.5–27.7) 24.4 (21.2–27.5)
  Richer 10.4 (8.5–12.2) 10.4 (8.6–12.2) 21.2 (18.6–24.1) 21.2 (18.4–23.9)
  Richest 19.2 (16.9–21.5) 19.3 (17.0–21.6) 19.6 (17.0–22.4) 19.7 (17.0–22.5)
Community
Place of residence
  Urban 15.0 (13.0–16.9) 15.2 (13.2–17.2) 18.8 (16.4–21.5) 19.0 (16.4–21.6)
  Rural 8.3 (7.4–9.2) 8.3 (7.4–9.2) 23.6 (21.6–25.7) 23.5 (21.5–25.6)
Region of residence
  Khulna division 6.4 (5.2–7.6) 6.4 (5.2–7.6) 17.0 (14.1–20.4) 17.0 (13.9–20.1)
  Barisal division 11.7 (9.4–14.0) 11.6 (9.3–13.8) 29.1 (24.9–33.7) 28.9 (24.5–33.3)
  Chittagong division 12.7 (10.4–14.9) 12.4 (10.3–14.7) 29.3 (25.0–34.1) 29.2 (24.7–33.8)
  Dhaka division 10.1 (8.2–12.0) 10.2 (8.2–12.1) 19.5 (16.4–23.1) 19.5 (16.1–22.9)
  Rajshahi division 9.9 (8.0–11.9) 10.2 (8.2–12.2) 23.7 (19.2–28.8) 23.8 (19.0–28.6)
  Rangpur division 8.1 (6.0–10.2) 8.0 (6.0–10.1) 19.9 (15.7–24.9) 20.0 (15.4–24.5)
  Sylhet division 10.2 (8.1–12.0) 10.0 (8.1–12.0) 27.8 (22.7–33.5) 27.8 (22.4–33.1)
Overall prevalence 9.9 (9.0–10.7) 9.7 (4.2–10.5) 22.5 (20.8–24.2) 22.4 (20.7–24.1)

CI, confidence interval.