Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes and their risk factors among Bangladeshi adults: a nationwide survey

Shamima Akter, M Mizanur Rahman, Sarah Krull Abe & Papia Sultana

Volume 92, Number 3, March 2014, 204-213A

Table 1. Characteristics of the study population aged 35 years or more, Bangladesh, 2011

Characteristic No. (%)a,b
Pc
All (n = 7541) No. without diabetes (n = 6746) No. with diabetes (n = 795)
Individual
Age in years, mean ± SE 51.48 ± 0.17 51.31 ± 0.18 53.01 ± 0.54 < 0.01
Sex 0.19
    Male 3721 (49.3) 3342 (49.6) 379 (46.9) NA
    Female 3820 (50.7) 3404 (50.4) 416 (53.1) NA
Educational level < 0.01
    No education 3418 (48.2) 3156 (49.6) 262 (36.1) NA
    Primary education 2080 (26.8) 1869 (26.8) 211 (26.7) NA
    Secondary education 1403 (17.4) 1217 (16.9) 186 (21.3) NA
    Higher education 640 (7.6) 504 (6.7) 136 (15.9) NA
Currently working < 0.01
    Yes 3898 (52.2) 3439 (51.5) 459 (58.7) NA
    No 3643 (47.8) 3307 (48.5) 336 (41.3) NA
Marital status 0.09
    Currently married 6329 (84.2) 5683 (84.5) 646 (81.8) NA
    Divorced, widowed or other 1212 (15.8) 1063 (15.5) 149 (18.2) NA
Hypertension < 0.01
    Yes 5568 (74.5) 5093 (76.0) 475 (60.1) NA
    No 1973 (25.5) 1653 (24.0) 320 (39.9) NA
Body weight < 0.01
    Normal 6915 (92.8) 6272 (93.9) 643 (82.8) NA
    Overweight or obese 626 (7.2) 474 (6.1) 152 (17.2) NA
Household
Socioeconomic status < 0.01
    Poorest 1343 (19.5) 1252 (20.3) 91 (12.7) NA
    Poorer 1351 (19.1) 1267 (19.8) 84 (12.2) NA
    Middle 1461 (19.8) 1364 (20.6) 97 (12.7) NA
    Richer 1581 (20.7) 1422 (20.6) 159 (21.8) NA
    Richest 1805 (20.9) 1441 (18.7) 364 (40.7) NA
Community
Place of residence < 0.01
    Urban 2480 (23.3) 2115 (22.0) 365 (35.4) NA
    Rural 5061 (76.7) 4631 (78.0) 430 (64.6) NA
Region of residence < 0.01
    Khulna division 1204 (13.2) 1112 (13.7) 92 (8.6) NA
    Barisal division 860 (5.7) 755 (5.5) 105 (6.7) NA
    Chittagong division 1116 (16.7) 973 (16.1) 143 (21.4) NA
    Dhaka division 1312 (32.7) 1172 (32.5) 140 (33.4) NA
    Rajshahi division 1064 (14.4) 949 (14.3) 115 (14.4) NA
    Rangpur division 1068 (12.0) 977 (12.2) 91 (9.8) NA
    Sylhet division 917 (5.7) 808 (5.6) 109 (5.8) NA

NA, not applicable; SE, standard error.

a All values represent absolute numbers and percentages unless otherwise stated.

b In estimating percentages, the complex survey design and sampling weights were taken into account.

c P-values were derived using a t test or χ2 test for continuous and categorical variables, respectively.