Bulletin of the World Health Organization

The epidemiology of child homicides in South Africa

Shanaaz Mathews, Naeemah Abrahams, Rachel Jewkes, Lorna J Martin & Carl Lombard

Volume 91, Number 8, August 2013, 562-568

Table 5. Fraction of homicides related to child abuse and neglect or to sexual assault, by sex and age of victim, South Africa 2009

Age (years) Percentage (95% CI)
P
All (n = 454)a Males (n = 174) Females (n = 276)
Child abuse and neglect
< 5 73.8 (66.4–81.2) 45.4 (39.5–51.5) 54.5 (48.5–60.5) 0.0647
5–9 11.7 (7.0–16.3) 24.8 (9.3–51.4) 75.2 (48.6–90.7) 0.0005
10–14 8.0 (3.9–12.0) 22.4 (6.9–52.8) 77.6 (47.2–93.1) 0.0000
15–17 6.6 (3.6–9.7) 8.3 (1.5–35.6) 91.7 (64.4–98.5) 0.0001
Sexual assault
< 5 17.9 (2.8–33.1) 22.2 (6.3–54.8) 77.8 (45.2–93.7) 0.0832
5–9 30.9 (15.7–46.0) 0.0 100 0.0000
10–14 29.1 (18.3–39.8) 13.7 (2.4–50.8) 86.3 (49.2–97.6) 0.0002
15–17 22.1 (11.0–33.3) 8.0 (1.4–34.9) 92.0 (65.1–98.6) 0.0000

CI, confidence interval.

a This value includes four cases that were excluded from the subgroup analysis because the sex and cause of death could not be determined owing to the decomposition of the body.