Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Self-reported illness and household strategies for coping with health-care payments in Bangladesh

Md Mizanur Rahman, Stuart Gilmour, Eiko Saito, Papia Sultana & Kenji Shibuya

Volume 91, Number 6, June 2013, 449-458

Table 2. Self-reported illness among household members, Bangladesh, 2011

Illness No (%) of household members aged (years)
No. (%) of episodes diagnosed by cliniciana
< 5 (n = 449) 5–20 (n = 2059) 20–59 (n = 4 105) ≥ 60 (n = 589) Any age (n = 7202)
Cold/fever 188 (41.5) 450 (21.6) 610 (14.7) 80 (14.1) 1328 (18.4) 342 (24.9)
Hypertension 393 (9.0) 156 (26.5) 549 (7.2) 509 (92.5)
Gastritis/peptic ulcer 2 (0.4) 14 (0.7) 306 (7.4) 70 (11.9) 392 (5.4) 241(61.0)
Rheumatic arthritis 2 (0.6) 16 (0.8) 254 (6.1) 98 (16.8) 370 (5.1) 290 (77.3)
Diabetes 214 (4.9) 79 (13.0) 293 (3.8) 291 (99.5)
Heart disease 3 (0.2) 124 (3.0) 87 (13.4) 214 (2.8) 210 (98.2)
Migraine/headache 28 (1.5) 150 (3.5) 12 (2.1) 190 (2.6) 135 (70.4)
Asthma 4 (0.8) 26 (1.2) 87 (2.0) 37 (6.1) 154 (2.0) 139 (90.9)
Diarrhoea/gastroenteritis 25 (5.6) 27 (1.2) 78 (2.0) 10 (1.5) 140 (2.0) 66 (47.9)
Allergy 2 (0.4) 19 (0.9) 67 (1.6) 8 (1.4) 96 (1.3) 72 (75.5)
Injury 11 (0.5)) 56 (1.5) 10 (1.7) 77 (1.1) 55 (68.2)
Skin disease 3 (0.7) 20 (1.0) 45 (1.1) 6 (1.1) 74 (1.1) 54 (74.7)
Cataract 1 (0.1) 7 (0.3) 33 (0.8) 30 (5.0) 71 (1.0) 65 (90.6)
Dental 1 (0.1) 6 (0.2) 36 (1.0) 4 (0.6) 47 (0.6) 33 (67.1)
Nephrolithiasis 3 (0.2) 25 (0.6) 5 (1.0) 33 (0.5) 33 (100.0)
Haemorrhoids 1 (0.3) 28 (0.7) 10 (1.6) 39 (0.5) 29 (73.5)
Urinary tract infection 5 (0.3) 18 (0.5) 9 (1.8) 32 (0.5) 28 (85.8)
Liver disease 2 (0.6 12 (0.4) 25 (0.6) 2 (0.4) 41 (0.5) 35 (86.5)
Otitis media 3 (0.7) 3 (0.2) 16 (0.4) 2 (0.4) 24 (0.4) 19 (82.4)
Tumour 1 (0.3) 1 (0.1) 23 (0.6) 25 (0.4) 19 (79.9)
Typhoid 2 (0.6) 10 (0.6) 11 (0.3) 2 (0.3) 25 (0.4) 23 (91.5)
Mental disease 6 (0.3) 18 (0.5) 2 (0.5) 26 (0.4) 23 (88.3)
Physical weakness 1 (0.1) 2 (0.04) 18 (0.4) 4 (0.4) 25 (0.3) 17 (67.3)
Pneumonia 9 (2.1) 1 (0.03) 2 (0.1) 12 (0.2) 12 (100.0)
Paralysis 1 (0.03) 5 (0.2) 10 (1.7) 16 (0.2) 14 (88.5)
Cancer 6 (0.2) 2 (0.4) 8 (0.1) 8 (100.0)
Food poisoning 1 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 3 (60.0)
Chicken pox 3 (0.1) 1 (0.03) 4 (0.1) 2 (66.7)
Insomnia 7 (0.2) 6 (0.8) 13 (0.1) 9 (70.1)
Uterine prolapse 5 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 5 (100.0)
Nasal polyps 4 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.0) 8 (0.1) 7 (94.9)
Cholelithiasis/cholecystitis 6 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 7 (0.1) 7 (100.0)
Tuberculosis 4 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 3 (75.0)
Inguinal hernia 1 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 3 (0.5) 9 (0.1) 9 (100.0)
Dengue 1(0.03) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.2) 3 (0.0) 3 (100.0)
Otherb 6 (1.4) 19 (0.8) 57 (1.4) 18 (3.3) 102 (1.4) 84 (82.5)
Total 241 (53.3) 656 (31.6) 1958 (46.8) 436 (73.7) 3300 (44.9) 2894 (64.1)

a Clinicians all had medical degrees.

b Appendicitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, epilepsy, hypercholesterolemia, anaemia, abdominal, foot or hand pain, swelling/oedema, filariasis, hearing or renal problems, osteoporosis, thyroid goitre, vitamin deficiency and helminth infections.