Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Determinants of reduced child stunting in Cambodia: analysis of pooled data from three Demographic and Health Surveys

Nayu Ikeda, Yuki Irie & Kenji Shibuya

Volume 91, Number 5, May 2013, 341-349

Table 3. Estimated contribution of each explanatory variable, in percentage points, to the stunting prevalence among children younger than 5 years from 2000 to 2010, based on data from the Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys of 2000–2010

Explanatory variable Contributiona (95% CI)
Increased household wealth index score −4.34 (−5.68 to −2.97)
Improved sanitation facilities −1.23 (−2.24 to −0.29)
Improved paternal education −1.06 (−1.66 to −0.49)
Longer preceding birth interval −0.86 (−1.33 to −0.38)
Improved maternal education −0.67 (−1.33 to −0.04)
Decreased prevalence of maternal use of tobacco −0.45 (−0.73 to −0.17)
Decreased average no. of household members −0.42 (−0.75 to −0.09)
Increased average maternal BMI −0.29 (−0.47 to −0.10)
Decreased incidence of diarrhoea in past 2 weeks −0.24 (−0.38 to −0.10)
Decrease in multiple births −0.10 (−0.17 to −0.04)

BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval.

a Negative values indicate a contribution towards a decreased rate.