Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Level of urbanization and noncommunicable disease risk factors in Tamil Nadu, India

Steven Allender, Ben Lacey, Premila Webster, Mike Rayner, Mohan Deepa, Peter Scarborough, Carukshi Arambepola, Manjula Datta & Viswanathan Mohan

Volume 88, Number 4, April 2010, 297-304

Table 4. Crude odds ratios and age-adjusted odds ratios for noncommunicable disease risk factors, by urbanicity group, in seven locationsa in Tamil Nadu, India, 2003

Risk factor Urbanicity group Crude OR
Age-adjusted OR
OR 95% CI P-value P for trend OR 95% CI P for model P for trend
Men
Daily smoking Low 1.0 ** 1.0 **
Medium 2.10 1.3–3.3 * 1.96 1.2–3.1 *
High 3.54 2.4–5.1 ** 3.43 2.4–5.0 **
Low physical activityb Low 1.0 ** 1.0 **
Medium 1.75 1.2–2.5 * 1.74 1.2–2.48 *
High 3.26 2.5–4.3 ** - 3.22 2.5–4.2 **
Low fruit and vegetable intakec Low NS
Medium
High
High BMId Low 1.0 ** 1.0 **
Medium 2.64 1.3–5.5 * 2.38 1.1–5.0 *
High 7.32 4.0–13.6 ** 6.95 3.7–12.9 **
High blood pressuree Low 1.0 ** 1.0 **
Medium 1.22 0.8–1.9 NS 1.20 0.8–1.9 NS
High 1.92 1.4–2.7 ** 1.90 1.3–2.7 **
Women
Daily smoking Low
Medium
High
Low physical activityb Low 1.0 ** 1.0 **
Medium 1.33 0.9–2.0 NS 1.27 0.9–1.9 **
High 4.13 3.0–5.7 ** 4.16 3.0–5.7 *
Low fruit and vegetable intakec Low
Medium
High
High BMId Low 1.0 ** 1.0 **
Medium 1.88 1.2–3.0 * 2.16 1.3–3.5 *
High 6.48 4.6–9.2 ** 7.34 5.1–10.5 **
High blood pressuree Low 1.0 NS 1.0 *
Medium 0.96 0.6–1.4 NS 0.98 0.6–1.6 NS
High 1.25 0.9–1.7 NS 1.38 1.0–1.9 NS

*P < 0.05; **P < 0.001. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; NS, not significant; OR, odds ratio.
a Agaram, Chennai, Chunampet, Illeedu, Pudupattu, Puthiram Kottai and Vanniyanallur.
b Defined as < 150&nbsp;minutes of moderate physical activity per week.
c Defined as < 5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day (blank here, since there was zero reporting for this category in this case).
d Defined as a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m
2.
e Defined as systolic blood pressure ≥&nbsp;140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥&nbsp;90 mmHg.

[an error occurred while processing this directive]