Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Level of urbanization and noncommunicable disease risk factors in Tamil Nadu, India

Steven Allender, Ben Lacey, Premila Webster, Mike Rayner, Mohan Deepa, Peter Scarborough, Carukshi Arambepola, Manjula Datta & Viswanathan Mohan

Volume 88, Number 4, April 2010, 297-304

Table 2. Demographic characteristics of participants in study of noncommunicable disease risk factors, by urbanicity group, in seven locationsa in Tamil Nadu, India, 2003

Characteristic Urbanicity group
Low Medium High Total
Participants, no. (%) 639 (17.2) 500 (13.5) 2566 (69.3) 3705
Age in years
Mean 38.9 38.5 39.4 39.2
Standard deviation 14.6 14.9 14.2 14.4
Range 15–64 15–64 15–64 15–64
Sex, no. (%)
Male 269 (42.1) 257 (51.4) 1282 (50.0) 1808 (48.8)
Female 370 (57.9) 243 (48.6) 1284 (50.0) 1897 (51.2)
Educational status, no. (%)
No formal schooling 325 (50.9) 169 (33.8) 327 (12.7) 821 (22.2)
Some schooling 304 (47.6) 310 (62.0) 2104 (82.0) 2718 (73.4)
Graduate and above b 10 (1.6) 21 (4.2) 135 (5.3) 166 (4.5)
Work status, no. (%)
Professional/clerical/business person 8 (1.3) 23 (4.6) 178 (6.9) 209 (5.6)
Self-employed/skilled 20 (3.1) 42 (8.4) 389 (15.2) 451 (12.2)
Unskilled/landless labourer 394 (61.7) 204 (40.8) 537 (20.9) 1135 (30.6)
Homemaker 106 (16.6) 121 (24.2) 1040 (40.5) 1267 (34.2)
Other (retired/student/unemployed) 111 (17.4) 110 (22.0) 422 (16.5) 643 (17.4)


a
Agaram, Chennai, Chunampet, Illeedu, Pudupattu, Puthiram Kottai and Vanniyanallur.
b
Completed college/university or had a postgraduate degree

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